The causality argument states that everything exists for a reason. A substance exists because of its necessity to exist and the result of something else causing it to exist. Think of your family tree as an example. You were caused to exist because of your parents. They were caused to exist because of their parents and so on and so on. However, the focus of the causality argument is this. You can go back forever, stating that created this, and this was created by something else which was created by another thing. You could continue infinitely, which you can’t logically do because scientists know that the universe has a beginning. So, to satisfy human reasoning, you have to conclude that all creation comes from one thing that has been around for eternity, something without a beginning that all creation came originated. The causality argument refers to creation as the “First Cause.” While most naturalists do believe in a First Cause, not all believe that an intelligent being initiated First Cause. Most follow along the lines of the teachings of Aristotle, who believed that matter was eternal. However, to be eternal, it must be unchanging. See the definition of eternal in the American Heritage Dictionary:
- Being without beginning or end; existing outside of time.
- Continuing without interruption; perpetual.
- Forever true or changeless: eternal truths.
- Seemingly endless; interminable.
If matter was eternal, what triggered the Big Bang? Here’s an analogy to get an idea of how matter cannot trigger itself:
Say you have a red domino that is at the end of an infinite number of black dominoes. If the blacks are falling in succession, will the red ever fall? The answer is no. Before the red domino can fall, all the dominoes in the sequence before it must fall. Since the number of blacks is infinite, they’ll never reach the red domino.
The same works for matter. If matter is eternal, then it’s been around for an infinite amount of time. Therefore, an infinite amount of time must pass before the matter can change. However, to be eternal, it cannot change, as noted in the definition of eternal. Since it did change, an external force must have changed it or created it for that matter. Time as we perceive it began at that point. Thus, if we follow the logic, our universe began because of an action by an outside force that is both eternal and conscious.
“Don’t doubt the Creator, because it is inconceivable that accidents alone could be the controller of this universe.” – Sir Isaac Newton
The teleological argument is commonly known as the argument of intelligent design. This argument states that the universe and everything in it is the work of an intelligent, supernatural architect. Teleology is the study of design or purpose in natural phenomena. While the Theory of Evolution attempts to disprove and contradict the teleological argument, the same can’t be said for teleology. Teleology doesn’t try to disprove evolution; it explains evolution. Darwinianism uses terms like “Natural Selection” and “survival of the fittest” that only describe the process of evolution without explaining it. Darwinianism would have you think that all living things are what they are now by blind chance. The idea of Darwinianism is outdated and short-sighted. You have to look at nature as a whole and not just here on Earth but the entire universe. Nature, throughout the cosmos, works in such order and structure that it cannot be the product of chance. Evolution is following a blueprint that has already been laid out.
“Everyone who is seriously involved in the pursuit of science becomes convinced that a spirit is manifest in the laws of the universe – a spirit vastly superior to that of man.” – Albert Einstein
The moral argument suggests that the existence of God is a necessary condition for the existence of morality. It focuses on the phenomena of man’s instinctual sense of moral responsibility. In other words, the fact that humans have a conscience, the ability to know good from evil.
The ethical argument is based on the fact that humankind as a whole has always believed in some superior being or beings that created the world and everything in it.
“The first gulp from the glass of natural sciences will make you an atheist, but at the bottom of the glass, God is waiting for you.” – Werner Heisenberg, father of quantum mechanics.
This is all a basic and summarized argument for the existence of God. There’s a lot of information out there to find. I personally like Illustra Media’s DVDs on the subject. Their website can be found here.